Explanations

1: Active Regions

Computation of magnetic complexity for the marked active regions on solar surface makes forecasts of solar storms possible.

2: Solar Flares

The bright regions are heated areas due to solar flares: electromagnetic radiation solar storms.

3: CME

The white clouds expanding beyond the covered Sun are solar storm mass ejections. Accelerated protons look like snow in images.

4: Coronal Holes

The dark areas show coronal holes from where the fast solar wind streams.

5: TEC

One hour forecast of the total electron content (TEC) (SWACI/DLR)

6: Kp

Measurements of the solar wind velocity, density and southward magnetic field, observed 1.5x106km ahead of Earth by ACE,
makes 3 hours ahead forecasts of geomagnetic storms (Kp>=5) possible.

7: Dst

Forecasts of one hour geomagnetic storms (Dst <=-50nT) are given.

8: dB/dt

Real-time magnetic field measurements and forecasts of variation for places in Europe.